Queen Myeongseong Min was murdered by Japanese assassins in the national crisis of 1895 and was buried two years later, on November 22, 1897, in this site. The queen’s grave, however, was relocated to Hongyureung in Geumgok, Gyeonggi Do, in 1922 after King Gojong passed away. The site, therefore, now houses only milestones that indicate that there was once a royal grave on the site of the therapeutic forest.Hongneung Therapeutic Forest is the first of its kind in Korea, formed by gathering the seedlings of all the species of trees grown throughout Korea as the Forestry Examination Center was opened on the site in 1922. Affiliated with the Forest Research Center, the forest has contributed to the systematic collection and management of various plant genetic resources that have led to the advancement of sciences relating to plants.
Most of the forest was destroyed during the Korean War, but was vigorously restored in the late 1960s. It is now divided into various zones according to the types of the trees found, including the conifer zone, broadleaf zone, shrubbery zone, foreign tree zone and herbal medicinal zone, and the alpine plant zone. As of the end of 2002, the forest, formed over 44 hectares of land, housed a total of 157 classes and 2,035 species (836 of which were native to Korea; 388 were from abroad; and 811 were herbs) of plants or over 20,000 plant organisms. The forest is a renowned place of nature learning for elementary, middle- and high-school students. The path winding throughout the forest is also perfect for those who enjoy taking a walk. Because the forest limits the number of persons admitted a day, you must book for the tour of the forest beforehand during the weekdays. The forest is open to public from 10am to 5pm on Sundays, free of admission charge. There is the Forest Science Center within the forest that has amassed vast bodies of information pertaining to mountains and forests (☎ 961-2873~4). The forest, located on the southwestern side of Cheonjangsan, has an average yearly temperature of 11.1℃ and an average yearly amount of precipitation of 1,259mm. It is hot and humid during the summer, and cold and dry during the winter.