What are cutural assets

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What are cultural asset?

Assets specially designated by a government for their archaeological, prehistoric, historical, literal, and/or artistic values or for religious or secular reasons.

Types of Cultural Assets

  • National Treasurescultural assets with values consummate to be national treasures; made a long time ago, representative of a certain period of time, rare in precedent, excellent and superior, or related to certain prominent historical figures
  • Treasurestangible cultural assets with great historical, academic, artistic, or technical values that are designated by the government after deliberations by the Cultural Assets Committee; include wooden architecture, stone architecture, Jeonjeok, books, old documents, paintings, sculptural works, works of artisanship and crafts, ancient relics, Mugu, etc.
  • Historical Relicsinclude various historical sites and relics, including a shell mound, palatial sites, temple sites, gravesites, castle sites, and other layers of the earth containing artifacts and relics, and important Buddhist temples, animals, plants, and minerals that are designated as ‘historical sites’, ‘renowned temples’, or ‘natural treasures’ by the Minister of Culture and Tourism after deliberations by the Cultural Assets Committee.
    • Renowned temples: sites containing famous and important temples
    • Natural Treasures: include animals, plants, geological artifacts, minerals, and natural preservation zones.
  • Intangible Cultural Assetsthe owners (either individuals or groups) of intangible assets with high historical and/or artistic values, such as plays (Kkokdugaksi play), music (Jongmyojeryeak), dance (Cheoyongmu, Seungmu, Seungjeonmu, Hakmu), crafts (Najeon lacquer-work, nakjungjang, chaesangjang), techniques (daemok, somok, dancheongjang), and others are recognized as Intangible Cultural Assets; the government sponsors special education or training programs of these arts and techniques to be taught to the later generations.
  • Folk Artifactstypical goods and artifacts that express the characteristics and uniqueness of the basic living culture of Korea.
  • Regional Cultural Assetsartifacts and cultural goods whose preservation are necessary to protect local and regional cultures.